Category: Ammonia Plants

Longview, WA — Pacific Coast Fertilizer

UPDATED: 11/13/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Pacific Coast Fertilizer (joint venture)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
First announced in September 2016, Pacific Coast Fertilizer's plans to build a new ammonia plant have been in development for some time and the joint venture includes heavyweight industrial partners. In late 2017, the city began initial work on an environmental impact statement; the start of construction is still years away.

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West Terre Haute, IN — Phibro

UPDATED: 09/06/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Philipp Brothers Fertilizer (Phibro LLC / Energy Arbitrage Partners)
PROJECT: Ammonia plant conversion

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
In January 2016, investors announced plans to re-establish Phibro, the storied commodities trader. Five months later, in May 2016, Phibro purchased the gasification units of a decommissioned "clean coal" power plant, and announced plans to produce ammonia from petroleum coke. Since then there has been scant news, except of preparations for debt financing and staff hires, but project developers describe solid progress.

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Kern County, CA – Grannus

UPDATED: 10/23/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Grannus LLC
PROJECT: Greenfield polygeneration plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
Grannus has been working to commercialize its polygeneration "Eureaka Process" since 2013, when it was a runner-up for Sustainability at the Cleantech Open. In 2015, the company closed its Series A financing, to fund engineering and feasibility work on its commercial-scale demonstration plant in California. In early 2016, Grannus awarded the engineering design contract but then, in late 2016, gave the contracts to other companies.

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Geneva, NE – Fortigen

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Fortigen Geneva LLC (Tetrad Corporation)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Under Construction
Fortigen is building a small ammonia plant outside Geneva, NE, to supply fertilizer to local farmers. The project broke ground in March 2016 for an anticipated start-up by Fall 2017 but this schedule is now slightly delayed. There is already talk of expanding the site, to add urea and DEF production.

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Pasadena, TX — Pallas Nitrogen

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Pallas Nitrogen Texas LLC
PROJECT: Ammonia plant restart

SUMMARY STATUS:
Pallas Nitrogen announced its intention to reassemble an old ammonia loop, built in the late 1970s and last operated in 2004. The original plant had been designed to use byproduct hydrogen feedstock, and Pallas proposed to restart it at an Air Products facility, using pipeline hydrogen. However, the project became delayed and the most recent information, from 2016, was that Pallas anticipated start-up in 2017. However, it is unlikely that construction ever began.

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Pollock, LA – TopChem

UPDATED: 04/01/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: TopChem Pollock LLC (Investimus Foris / ICOR)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Cancelled
In July 2015, the Louisiana governor's office announced that Lithuanian investors intended to build an ammonia plant in Pollock, by retrofitting an idled biodiesel plant. The air permit was issued in December 2016, disclosing project details. Construction was going to begin in 2017 for start-up in 2019 but, in April 2017, the project was "put on hold indefinitely."

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Monmouth, IL – Midwest BioEnergy

OWNER: Midwest Ammonia Inc (Midwest BioEnergy Ltd)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
Midwest BioEnergy is planning a series of small waste-to-ammonia plants at municipal and industrial sites in the heart of the ammonia fertilizer market. The Monmouth plant will be the "proof of concept." Some equity in place; debt financing secured, contingent upon equity investment.

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Gulf Coast, TX — Agrifos / Borealis

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Gulf Coast Ammonia LLC (Agrifos Partners LLC / Borealis)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
In May 2015, Agrifos and Borealis announced their agreement to develop a "world-scale" ammonia plant, for start-up in "early 2019." Work has yet to begin, so that schedule is implausible. The location was never specified, but was to be on the Gulf Coast, Texas. The plant was going to use hydrogen feedstock. Borealis intended to have a significant equity stake and a long-term off-take contract for 40% of the ammonia.

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Wallaceburg, ON

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: None, yet
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Concept phase
A regional economic development proposal, seeking an investor. The municipality of Chatham-Kent spent significant time and money trying to encourage a company to build a new fertilizer plant in this location but, despite being in development since 2013, there is nothing to show for their effort. No schedule for future announcements.

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Taylor County, FL — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
Announced in March 2014, county financing incentives approved July and August 2014. This site may yet be developed as BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept, however, BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Hendry County, FL — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
Ribbon cutting ceremony in May 2014. Awaiting announcement of bond placement and date for start of construction. This site may yet be developed as BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept, however, BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Killona, LA – AM Agrigen

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: AM Agrigen Industries
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonia-urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
Greenfield ammonia plant: in development since 2012, permits approved in 2015, delayed, then completely redesigned in 2016. Now awaiting EPC announcement and revised budget and schedule. AM Agrigen has made no public announcements but permit documents reveal changing scale and technology licensors.

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Belle Plaine, SK — FNA (ProjectN)

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Farmers of North America (FNA)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
FNA is "moving steadily" towards building its own nitrogen fertilizer plant, starting with the establishment of a fertilizer and grain sales and distribution business. In 2017, FNA broke ground on the first of its distribution "supercentres," at Belle Plaine, (delayed from 2016). FNA began work on this project in 2010 and the pre-FEED study for the nitrogen production complex is complete, but FNA still needs to find a major equity investor and a partner to operate the plant.

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Freeport, TX — Yara/BASF

UPDATED: 10/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Yara Freeport LLC DBA Texas Ammonia (Yara / BASF joint venture)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Construction phase
Delayed slightly, in part by Hurricane Harvey, and no longer likely to start-up fully in 2017. Yara and BASF held a groundbreaking ceremony in July 2015, five months after the companies confirmed their investment decision and announced details of their joint venture relationship, the EPC contract award, and a 20-year feedstock supply contract.

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Victoria, TX — Invista

UPDATED: 06/17/2014 — see Change Log

OWNER: Invista (Koch Industries)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Abandoned
Invista cancelled this project because it saw no benefit to producing its own ammonia instead of buying it on the open market. Apparently they expect the price of ammonia to fall when the other new plants start up.

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Rock Springs, WY — Simplot

UPDATED: 08/09/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Simplot Phosphates (J.R. Simplot)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Commissioning Phase
Simplot began building its new ammonia plant in October 2014, adjacent to its existing phosphate fertilizer plant. The project was scheduled to be complete in Q3 2016, but delays pushed expected start-up into mid-2017. The investment is "one of the largest in company history," and will make Simplot self-sufficient for ammonia.

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Kemper County, MS — Southern Company

UPDATED: 12/10/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Mississippi Power Company (Southern Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield power plant, ammonia byproduct

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational / Abandoned
The Kemper County Energy Facility, a 582 MW power plant, was one of the US DOE's flagship "clean coal" projects. It would have produced ammonia as a byproduct of its coal-to-syngas process. The plant has been producing power from natural gas since August 2014, but experienced profound delays and budget overruns with the coal portion, which now appears to have been abandoned, with layoffs at the adjacent coal mine.

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American Falls, ID — Magnida

UPDATED: 05/01/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Magnida (Magnolia Nitrogen Idaho LLC / Egypt Kuwait Holding Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS:
In September 2016, local news reports implied that Magnida was winding down. The project was first announced in 2013, as a revitalized fertilizer version of a power plant initially proposed in 2005. Magnida's equity was originally committed in full, but became uncertain when costs escalated and the project met with resistance, finally the sponsor pulled out and new equity partners could not be found.

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Augusta, GA — PotashCorp

Ammonia Plant: Augusta, GA - PotashCorp

UPDATED: 11/22/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: PCS Nitrogen LP (Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan / PotashCorp)
PROJECT: Nitrogen plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Ammonia production began at Augusta in 1964. The present plant started up in 1977, with revamps and expansions in 1996 and 2012, and a significant ammonia expansion during turnaround in 2016. In September 2016, Agrium and PotashCorp announced a potential "merger of equals."

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Battle River, AB — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
To date, no more than a feasibility study. This site may yet be developed if one of BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept plants in Florida ever gets built. BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Beaumont, TX — OCI

Ammonia plant: Beaumont, TX - Orascom

UPDATED: 04/17/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: OCI Partners LP (OCI NV)
PROJECT: Ammonia plant restart & expansion

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
OCI Partners restarted the Beaumont methanol-ammonia plant at the end of 2011, and completed a debottlenecking project in 2015 with minor delays and cost over-runs. Since then, the ammonia plant has been producing at record levels, with output slightly more than 100% capacity in 2016. In December 2016, Dutch majority owner OCI NV launched an all-stock buyout offer to acquire the remaining ~20% of OCI Partners, but this was shelved in April 2017 and the offer terminated.

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Becancour, QB — IFFCO

Ammonia plant: Becancour, QB - IFFCO Canada

UPDATED: 10/24/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: IFFCO Canada (IFFCO joint venture)
PROJECT: Brownfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: On hold (again)
""Le projet n'est pas mort." In October 2016, IFFCO Canada reduced itself to a skeleton staff, with plans to keep the project "sur la glace" until the urea market recovers. In December 2015, it put the urea plant on hold "until favourable economic conditions prevail." The project had only been "reactivated" in June 2015, having previously been put on "strategic pause" in December 2014. In 2014, its backers coped with snowballing costs and no secure supply of natural gas but, in 2015, it was the market price of urea that dropped too low for the financiers' comfort.

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Belle Plaine, SK — Yara

Ammonia plant: Belle Plain, SK - Yara

UPDATED: 10/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Yara Belle Plaine Inc (Yara International ASA)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer complex and brownfield ammonia-urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Built in 1992, the Saskferco project was, until 2016, the newest world-scale, natural gas-based ammonia plant in North America. It was purchased by Yara in 2008, and expanded in 2008-9. Yara considered building a new brownfield ammonia-urea plant but, in 2013, cancelled those plans because costs grew too high and it had concerns about overcapacity.

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