Category: Ammonia Plants

Beulah, ND — Dakota Gas

UPDATED: 01/10/2018 - see Change Log

OWNER: Dakota Gasification Company (Basin Electric Power Cooperative)
PROJECT: Existing plant, urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Commissioning phase
Construction on the new urea plant began in Summer 2014, and would have been complete mid-2017. In 2016, however, destructive storms flattened the new urea storage building, which had to be demolished and the foundations ripped out before construction could restart. Commissioning is now underway, and full start-up is expected early in 2018. Granular urea will now be the 11th product made at the Great Plains Synfuels Plant (the 12th will be DEF), and fertilizers now represent more than 50% of the plant's expected revenues.

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Borger, TX — Agrium

Ammonia plant: Borger, TX - Agrium

UPDATED: 04/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Agrium
PROJECT: Ammonia-Urea Plant, expansion & urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Ammonia expansion Cancelled, Urea brownfield Operational
In April 2017, Agrium "successfully commissioned" its brownfield urea plant at Borger, which had been under construction since March 2014, more than a year behind schedule and 10% over budget. An expected debottleneck of the ammonia line was cancelled in 2015.

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Brandon, MB — Koch Industries

Ammonia plant: Brandon, MB - Koch

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Koch Fertilizer Canada ULC (Koch Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
In operation since 1967. Koch expanded its Brandon plant in Manitoba, Canada, beginning construction in 2014, for start-up in Spring 2016.

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Cherokee, AL — LSB Industries

Ammonia plant: Cherokee, Alabama - LSB Industries

UPDATED: 19/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Cherokee Nitrogen LLC (LSB Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen production complex

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
The Cherokee plant has been producing nitrogen fertilizers since 1961, and was acquired by LSB Industries in 2000. With repeated outages over the years, LSB is focused on improving reliability at the site, which serves agricultural and industrial markets; most recently, in 2Q 2017, the Cherokee site reported a 100% on-stream rate.

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Cheyenne, WY — Dyno Nobel

Ammonia plant: Cheyenne, Wyoming - Dyno Nobel

UPDATED: 07/23/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Dyno Nobel (Incitec Pivot Limited)
PROJECT: Ammonium Nitrate plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
In operation since 1965, the Cheyenne plant primarily produces industrial ammonium nitrate, for Dyno Nobel's explosives market. It is currently producing ammonia at record levels, although a 4-6 week turnaround is scheduled for 2H2017. The site has been expanded recently, with additions of a second industrial ammonium nitrate plant and a DEF production unit.

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Coffeyville, KS — CVR Partners

Ammonia plant: Coffeyville, Kansas - CVR Partners

UPDATED: 11/21/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers LLC (CVR Partners LP / CVR Energy Inc)
PROJECT: Ammonia-UAN plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
The Coffeyville plant started up in 2000 and, until 2016, was the newest ammonia plant in the US. It is currently the only ammonia plant in the US to use petroleum coke feedstock. In April 2016, CVR merged with Rentech; and also completed minor expansion work on its Coffeyville ammonia plant.

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Courtright, ON — CF Industries

Ammonia plant: Courtright, Ontario - CF Industries

UPDATED: 09/02/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Terra International (Canada) Inc (CF Industries Holdings Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen production plant

SUMMARY STATUS:
The Courtright plant has been producing ammonia since 1966, with a second plant commissioned in 1985. Originally built by ICI, later acquired by Terra, it is now owned by CF Industries. An expansion of the urea plant is currently under construction.

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Tuscola, IL — Cronus Chemical

UPDATED: 09/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Cronus Fertilizers (Cronus Chemicals LLC)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonia/urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing phase
Awaiting financial close, before project is confirmed and construction can begin; no date yet for groundbreaking. In August 2017, Cronus announced a new EPC partner, a reduced cost for smaller capacity, and a more realistic schedule. The project has been repeatedly postponed over the last few years.

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Dodge City, KS — Koch Industries

Ammonia plant: Dodge City, KS - Koch Industries

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Koch Fertilizer Dodge City LLC (Koch Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Ammonia-UAN plant

SUMMARY STATUS:
In operation since 1968. In 2012, Koch Industries announced potential "production enhancements" at this and other sites but, despite completing major expansions at its other sites, there have been no indications of any expansions at Dodge City.

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Donaldsonville, LA — CF Industries

Ammonia plant: Donaldsonville, LA - CF Industries

UPDATED: 09/27/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: CF Industries Nitrogen LLC (CF Industries Holdings Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer complex, Brownfield ammonia-urea-UAN plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Donaldsonville began producing ammonia in 1966. Today, the site is a collection of individual plants, variously owned across the decades by CF Industries as well as Terra, Triad, Mississippi Chemical, First Mississippi, and Ampro. The new ammonia plant was due to start-up in early 2016, but only became operational in October 2016; the new urea plant was commissioned in November 2015, and the new UAN plant in March 2016. Donaldsonville is now "the largest nitrogen facility in the world."

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East Dubuque, IL — CVR Partners

Ammonia plant: East Dubuque, IL - Rentech Nitrogen

UPDATED: 11/21/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: East Dubuque Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (CVR Partners LP / CVR Energy Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
The East Dubuque nitrogen plant started up in 1965. Rentech completed expansions of the urea line in 2013 and the ammonia line in 2014. In April 2016, Rentech and CVR Partners merged, and the plant now operates as a subsidiary of CVR. Also in 2016, CVR completed minor expansion work on its ammonia plant.

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El Dorado, AR — LSB Industries

Ammonia plant: El Dorado, Arkansas - LSB Industries

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: El Dorado Chemical Company (LSB Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen production complex, brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
El Dorado has been producing nitrogen since 1944, when the US army built the Ozark Ordnance Works. LSB Industries began construction on its new ammonia plant in November 2013 but costs spiraled out of control and start-up was delayed. LSB's share price fell off a cliff, followed by sweeping changes in management; the company was stabilized by a financing deal and asset sales, and LSB's plants may still be up for sale. The new ammonia plant started up in May 2016 and has been producing above nameplate capacity.

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Enid, OK — Koch Industries

Ammonia plant: Enid, OK - Koch Industries

UPDATED: 12/10/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Koch Fertilizer Enid LLC (Koch Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer plant, ammonia expansion, urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Construction Phase
Koch is expanding its Enid plant, the "single largest project investment in company history," increasing capacity on both ammonia lines, debottlenecking the existing urea plant, and building a new urea plant. The ground-breaking took place in October 2014; the project is slightly behind schedule, but construction was expected to be complete in 2017.

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Faustina, LA — Mosaic Company

UPDATED: 10/23/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: The Mosaic Company
PROJECT: Ammonia plant debottleneck and brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Mosaic chose to implement an emissions reduction project in 2017 instead of a debottleneck at Faustina. In October 2013, Mosaic abandoned plans for a $1.1 billion ammonia brownfield plant, because it became "unnecessary" after Mosaic acquired CF Industries' phosphate operations.

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Fort Dodge, IA — Koch Industries

Ammonia plant: Fort Dodge, IA - Koch

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Koch Industries
PROJECT: Ammonia / UAN plant

SUMMARY STATUS:
In operation since 1967. In 2012, Koch Industries announced potential "production enhancements" at this and other sites but, despite completing major expansions at its other sites, there have been no indications of any expansions at Fort Dodge.

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Geismar, LA — PotashCorp

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: PCS Nitrogen LP (Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan / PotashCorp)
PROJECT: Nitrogen plant, restart, expansion and urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational, Planning Phase
The Geismar ammonia plant started up in 1967 but was idled in 2003, due to the high cost of natural gas feedstock. PotashCorp restarted the plant in February 2013 at a cost of $260 million. Air permit documents from 2014 and 2015 reveal plans for significant future expansions. In September 2016, Agrium and PotashCorp announced a potential "merger of equals."

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Grand Forks, ND — Northern Plains Nitrogen

UPDATED: 12/13/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Northern Plains Nitrogen (NPN)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
World-scale greenfield project led by farmers' co-ops. Seed capital raise exceeded expectations, January 2014. Water permits approved, December 2014; air permit approved, August 2015. Thereafter, project severely delayed: fund-raising was complicated by the commodity price drop. "NPN cannot complete the project without significant new financial partners." Awaiting FEED study, EPC contract, and financial close.

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Greeneville, TN — US Nitrogen

UPDATED: 01/15/2018 — see Change Log

OWNER: US Nitrogen LLC (Austin Powder Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonium nitrate plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
US Nitrogen broke ground in February 2012, when it expected its new plant to start up in March 2014 - but the project has been fraught with problems. Permits were revised and reissued repeatedly, and the site had major issues with compliance, which appear to continue even today. The local community demonstrated tremendous resistance, launching permit appeals and a slew of lawsuits, some still ongoing. Construction and design issues led to major delays and lawsuits. The start-up process eventually began in May 2015 but the ammonia plant didn't start up until June 2016. Then, in August 2016, the site was temporarily shut down under federal and state investigation; more emission mishaps occurred in April 2017. The company announced that the plant was fully operational in January 2017, although it wasn't clear whether plant was producing much if any product at that time.

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Hardee, FL — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
This site may yet be developed if one of BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept plants in Florida ever gets built. BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Hopewell, VA — AdvanSix

UPDATED: 01/17/2018 — see Change Log

OWNER: AdvanSix Inc (Honeywell spin-off)
PROJECT: Existing ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Ammonia production began at Hopewell in 1928, at which time it was the largest ammonia plant in the US. Today, using a plant built in 1965, ammonia is upgraded to caprolactam, for nylon; byproduct ammonium sulfate is sold as fertilizer. Unfortunately, the Hopewell site has a long history as an environmental disaster zone. In October 2016, Honeywell's resins and chemicals division was spun-off to become AdvanSix. Ammonia capacity increased slightly as a result of the Q4 2016 turnaround.

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