Tag: Brownfield

Longview, WA — Pacific Coast Fertilizer

UPDATED: 11/13/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Pacific Coast Fertilizer (joint venture)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
First announced in September 2016, Pacific Coast Fertilizer's plans to build a new ammonia plant have been in development for some time and the joint venture includes heavyweight industrial partners. In late 2017, the city began initial work on an environmental impact statement; the start of construction is still years away.

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West Terre Haute, IN — Phibro

UPDATED: 09/06/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Philipp Brothers Fertilizer (Phibro LLC / Energy Arbitrage Partners)
PROJECT: Ammonia plant conversion

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
In January 2016, investors announced plans to re-establish Phibro, the storied commodities trader. Five months later, in May 2016, Phibro purchased the gasification units of a decommissioned "clean coal" power plant, and announced plans to produce ammonia from petroleum coke. Since then there has been scant news, except of preparations for debt financing and staff hires, but project developers describe solid progress.

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Pollock, LA – TopChem

UPDATED: 04/01/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: TopChem Pollock LLC (Investimus Foris / ICOR)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Cancelled
In July 2015, the Louisiana governor's office announced that Lithuanian investors intended to build an ammonia plant in Pollock, by retrofitting an idled biodiesel plant. The air permit was issued in December 2016, disclosing project details. Construction was going to begin in 2017 for start-up in 2019 but, in April 2017, the project was "put on hold indefinitely."

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Monmouth, IL – Midwest BioEnergy

OWNER: Midwest Ammonia Inc (Midwest BioEnergy Ltd)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
Midwest BioEnergy is planning a series of small waste-to-ammonia plants at municipal and industrial sites in the heart of the ammonia fertilizer market. The Monmouth plant will be the "proof of concept." Some equity in place; debt financing secured, contingent upon equity investment.

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Gulf Coast, TX — Agrifos / Borealis

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Gulf Coast Ammonia LLC (Agrifos Partners LLC / Borealis)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
In May 2015, Agrifos and Borealis announced their agreement to develop a "world-scale" ammonia plant, for start-up in "early 2019." Work has yet to begin, so that schedule is implausible. The location was never specified, but was to be on the Gulf Coast, Texas. The plant was going to use hydrogen feedstock. Borealis intended to have a significant equity stake and a long-term off-take contract for 40% of the ammonia.

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Freeport, TX — Yara/BASF

UPDATED: 10/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Yara Freeport LLC DBA Texas Ammonia (Yara / BASF joint venture)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Construction phase
Delayed slightly, in part by Hurricane Harvey, and no longer likely to start-up fully in 2017. Yara and BASF held a groundbreaking ceremony in July 2015, five months after the companies confirmed their investment decision and announced details of their joint venture relationship, the EPC contract award, and a 20-year feedstock supply contract.

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Victoria, TX — Invista

UPDATED: 06/17/2014 — see Change Log

OWNER: Invista (Koch Industries)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Abandoned
Invista cancelled this project because it saw no benefit to producing its own ammonia instead of buying it on the open market. Apparently they expect the price of ammonia to fall when the other new plants start up.

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Rock Springs, WY — Simplot

UPDATED: 08/09/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Simplot Phosphates (J.R. Simplot)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Commissioning Phase
Simplot began building its new ammonia plant in October 2014, adjacent to its existing phosphate fertilizer plant. The project was scheduled to be complete in Q3 2016, but delays pushed expected start-up into mid-2017. The investment is "one of the largest in company history," and will make Simplot self-sufficient for ammonia.

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Becancour, QB — IFFCO

Ammonia plant: Becancour, QB - IFFCO Canada

UPDATED: 10/24/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: IFFCO Canada (IFFCO joint venture)
PROJECT: Brownfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: On hold (again)
""Le projet n'est pas mort." In October 2016, IFFCO Canada reduced itself to a skeleton staff, with plans to keep the project "sur la glace" until the urea market recovers. In December 2015, it put the urea plant on hold "until favourable economic conditions prevail." The project had only been "reactivated" in June 2015, having previously been put on "strategic pause" in December 2014. In 2014, its backers coped with snowballing costs and no secure supply of natural gas but, in 2015, it was the market price of urea that dropped too low for the financiers' comfort.

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Belle Plaine, SK — Yara

Ammonia plant: Belle Plain, SK - Yara

UPDATED: 10/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Yara Belle Plaine Inc (Yara International ASA)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer complex and brownfield ammonia-urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Built in 1992, the Saskferco project was, until 2016, the newest world-scale, natural gas-based ammonia plant in North America. It was purchased by Yara in 2008, and expanded in 2008-9. Yara considered building a new brownfield ammonia-urea plant but, in 2013, cancelled those plans because costs grew too high and it had concerns about overcapacity.

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Borger, TX — Agrium

Ammonia plant: Borger, TX - Agrium

UPDATED: 04/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Agrium
PROJECT: Ammonia-Urea Plant, expansion & urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Ammonia expansion Cancelled, Urea brownfield Operational
In April 2017, Agrium "successfully commissioned" its brownfield urea plant at Borger, which had been under construction since March 2014, more than a year behind schedule and 10% over budget. An expected debottleneck of the ammonia line was cancelled in 2015.

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Donaldsonville, LA — CF Industries

Ammonia plant: Donaldsonville, LA - CF Industries

UPDATED: 09/27/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: CF Industries Nitrogen LLC (CF Industries Holdings Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer complex, Brownfield ammonia-urea-UAN plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Donaldsonville began producing ammonia in 1966. Today, the site is a collection of individual plants, variously owned across the decades by CF Industries as well as Terra, Triad, Mississippi Chemical, First Mississippi, and Ampro. The new ammonia plant was due to start-up in early 2016, but only became operational in October 2016; the new urea plant was commissioned in November 2015, and the new UAN plant in March 2016. Donaldsonville is now "the largest nitrogen facility in the world."

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El Dorado, AR — LSB Industries

Ammonia plant: El Dorado, Arkansas - LSB Industries

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: El Dorado Chemical Company (LSB Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen production complex, brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
El Dorado has been producing nitrogen since 1944, when the US army built the Ozark Ordnance Works. LSB Industries began construction on its new ammonia plant in November 2013 but costs spiraled out of control and start-up was delayed. LSB's share price fell off a cliff, followed by sweeping changes in management; the company was stabilized by a financing deal and asset sales, and LSB's plants may still be up for sale. The new ammonia plant started up in May 2016 and has been producing above nameplate capacity.

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Enid, OK — Koch Industries

Ammonia plant: Enid, OK - Koch Industries

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Koch Fertilizer Enid LLC (Koch Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer plant, ammonia expansion, urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Construction Phase
Koch is expanding its Enid plant, the "single largest project investment in company history," increasing capacity on both ammonia lines, debottlenecking the existing urea plant, and building a new urea plant. Ground-breaking took place in October 2014; the project is slightly behind schedule, with construction expected to be complete in 2017.

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Faustina, LA — Mosaic Company

UPDATED: 10/23/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: The Mosaic Company
PROJECT: Ammonia plant debottleneck and brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Mosaic chose to implement an emissions reduction project in 2017 instead of a debottleneck at Faustina. In October 2013, Mosaic abandoned plans for a $1.1 billion ammonia brownfield plant, because it became "unnecessary" after Mosaic acquired CF Industries' phosphate operations.

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Port Neal, IA — CF Industries

UPDATED: 04/17/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: CF Industries Nitrogen LLC (CF Industries Holdings Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer complex, brownfield ammonia-urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Port Neal's new ammonia-urea plant started up in December 2016. CF Industries announced the project in late 2012 and began construction in 2013; project costs increased considerably during construction, and start-up was about six-months behind schedule. The new plants are now running at or above capacity.

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Waggaman, LA — Dyno Nobel

UPDATED: 07/23/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Dyno Nobel LA Ammonia LLC (Incitec Pivot Limited)
PROJECT: Brownfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
The Waggaman ammonia plant started up in 2016. Construction began in December 2013, they held a "dedication ceremony" in late September 2016, and announced "successful completion of the performance testing process" and "take over [of] management and operation" in October 2016. The project claims to have come in on budget, although construction saw major cost overruns. On the site of Cornerstone Chemical's Fortier plant, "WALA" sells its ammonia to Cornerstone and merchant traders, as well as making Dyno Nobel self-sufficient for ammonia in the US. In 2017, Cornerstone was sold to a new owner.

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