SUMMARY STATUS: Concept phase
A regional economic development proposal, seeking an investor. The municipality of Chatham-Kent spent significant time and money trying to encourage a company to build a new fertilizer plant in this location but, despite being in development since 2013, there is nothing to show for their effort. No schedule for future announcements.
OWNER: Farmers of North America (FNA)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant
SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
FNA is "moving steadily" towards building its own nitrogen fertilizer plant, starting with the establishment of a fertilizer and grain sales and distribution business. In 2017, FNA broke ground on the first of its distribution "supercentres," at Belle Plaine, (delayed from 2016). FNA began work on this project in 2010 and the pre-FEED study for the nitrogen production complex is complete, but FNA still needs to find a major equity investor and a partner to operate the plant.
SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
To date, no more than a feasibility study. This site may yet be developed if one of BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept plants in Florida ever gets built. BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.
SUMMARY STATUS: On hold (again)
""Le projet n'est pas mort." In October 2016, IFFCO Canada reduced itself to a skeleton staff, with plans to keep the project "sur la glace" until the urea market recovers. In December 2015, it put the urea plant on hold "until favourable economic conditions prevail." The project had only been "reactivated" in June 2015, having previously been put on "strategic pause" in December 2014. In 2014, its backers coped with snowballing costs and no secure supply of natural gas but, in 2015, it was the market price of urea that dropped too low for the financiers' comfort.
OWNER: Yara Belle Plaine Inc (Yara International ASA)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer complex and brownfield ammonia-urea plant
SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Built in 1992, the Saskferco project was, until 2016, the newest world-scale, natural gas-based ammonia plant in North America. It was purchased by Yara in 2008, and expanded in 2008-9. Yara considered building a new brownfield ammonia-urea plant but, in 2013, cancelled those plans because costs grew too high and it had concerns about overcapacity.
OWNER: Terra International (Canada) Inc (CF Industries Holdings Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen production plant
The Courtright plant has been producing ammonia since 1966, with a second plant commissioned in 1985. Originally built by ICI, later acquired by Terra, it is now owned by CF Industries. An expansion of the urea plant is currently under construction.
Agrium's Joffre plant, in operation since 1987, is the only remaining ammonia plant in Canada to use industrial byproduct hydrogen as feedstock. In September 2016, Agrium and PotashCorp announced a potential "merger of equals."
SUMMARY STATUS: Operational, expansion cancelled
The Redwater fertilizer plant, which started up in 1968, may be the largest fertilizer complex in Canada. An expansion of the urea plant was cancelled in 2013. In September 2016, Agrium and PotashCorp announced a potential "merger of equals." Redwater should soon begin feeding its excess CO2 into a new pipeline, the Alberta Carbon Trunk Line, which will transport it to old oil fields for EOR and underground storage.