Tag: Carbon Dioxide

Kemper County, MS — Southern Company

UPDATED: 09/02/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Mississippi Power Company (Southern Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield power plant, ammonia byproduct

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational / Abandoned
Kemper County Energy Facility, a 582 MW power plant, was one of the US DOE's flagship "clean coal" projects. It was to produce ammonia as a byproduct of its coal-to-syngas process. The plant has been producing power from natural gas since August 2014, but experienced profound delays and budget overruns with the clean coal portion, which now appears to have been abandoned (with layoffs at the adjacent coal mine).

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Augusta, GA — PotashCorp

Ammonia Plant: Augusta, GA - PotashCorp

UPDATED: 11/22/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: PCS Nitrogen LP (Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan / PotashCorp)
PROJECT: Nitrogen plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
Ammonia production began at Augusta in 1964. The present plant started up in 1977, with revamps and expansions in 1996 and 2012, and a significant ammonia expansion during turnaround in 2016. In September 2016, Agrium and PotashCorp announced a potential "merger of equals."

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Beulah, ND — Dakota Gas

UPDATED: 11/14/2017 - see Change Log

OWNER: Dakota Gasification Company (Basin Electric Power Cooperative)
PROJECT: Existing plant, urea brownfield

SUMMARY STATUS: Construction phase
Construction on the new urea plant began in Summer 2014, for an expected start-up in mid-2017. In 2016, however, destructive storms flattened the new urea storage building, which had to be demolished and the foundations ripped out before construction could restart. Start-up is now expected in 2018. Granular urea will be the 11th product made at the Great Plains Synfuels Plant, and the 12th will be DEF.

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East Dubuque, IL — CVR Partners

Ammonia plant: East Dubuque, IL - Rentech Nitrogen

UPDATED: 11/21/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: East Dubuque Nitrogen Fertilizers, LLC (CVR Partners LP / CVR Energy Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
The East Dubuque nitrogen plant started up in 1965. Rentech completed expansions of the urea line in 2013 and the ammonia line in 2014. In April 2016, Rentech and CVR Partners merged, and the plant now operates as a subsidiary of CVR. Also in 2016, CVR completed minor expansion work on its ammonia plant.

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Greeneville, TN — US Nitrogen

UPDATED: 05/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: US Nitrogen LLC (Austin Powder Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonium nitrate plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
US Nitrogen broke ground in February 2012, when it expected its new plant to start up in March 2014 - since then, the project has been fraught with problems. Permits were revised and reissued repeatedly, and the site has had major issues with compliance. The local community demonstrated tremendous resistance, launching permit appeals and a slew of lawsuits, some still ongoing. Construction and design issues led to major delays and lawsuits. The start-up process began in May 2015 but the ammonia plant didn't start up until June 2016. In August 2016, the site was temporarily shut down and was under federal and state investigation. The company announced that the plant was fully operational in January 2017 but even now it isn't clear the plant is producing much if any product.

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Kern County, CA — HECA

UPDATED: 10/23/2017 — see Change Log. No further updates expected.

OWNER: Hydrogen Energy California (HECA), SCS Energy
PROJECT: Greenfield power plant, fertilizer byproduct

SUMMARY STATUS: On hold, indefinitely
Despite years of development, this "clean coal" project never came together. The local oil field backed out, leaving HECA in an existential crisis with no way to sell or sequester its CO2 and, in March 2016, the project put itself on indefinite hold, by withdrawing its application to the CEC.

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Penwell, TX — TCEP

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Texas Clean Energy Project (Summit Power Group LLC)
PROJECT: Greenfield plant, urea

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing phase
This was going to be a major "clean coal" power plant with significant urea byproduct but DOE effectively killed the project when it suspended funding in mid-2016. Originally scheduled to be completed by 2014, the project was already severely delayed. After the DOE withdrew funding, the developers were trying one last idea: ditching power generation altogether and focusing on urea production.

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Pryor, OK — LSB Industries

UPDATED: 10/10/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Pryor Chemical Company (LSB Industries Inc)
PROJECT: Ammonia-UAN plant, expansion

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
LSB Industries restarted the Pryor ammonia-UAN plant in 2010, after it had lain idle for a decade, and expanded it in 2013. Ammonia has been produced on this site since 1954; the current plant was commissioned in 1997. Reliability has been a major problem at Pryor over the years; in September 2017, "a minor fire" put the plant out of operation for about six weeks.

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Verdigris, OK — CF Industries

UPDATED: 03/09/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Terra Nitrogen Company LP (CF Industries Holdings Inc)
PROJECT: Nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS:
The Verdigris plant has been producing ammonia and UAN since 1975. Minor expansion work was completed during scheduled plant turnarounds in each of the last four years. CF Industries has owned over 75% of Terra Nitrogen since 2010.

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