Tag: Greenfield

Kern County, CA – Grannus

UPDATED: 10/23/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Grannus LLC
PROJECT: Greenfield polygeneration plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
Grannus has been working to commercialize its polygeneration "Eureaka Process" since 2013, when it was a runner-up for Sustainability at the Cleantech Open. In 2015, the company closed its Series A financing, to fund engineering and feasibility work on its commercial-scale demonstration plant in California. In early 2016, Grannus awarded the engineering design contract but then, in late 2016, gave the contracts to other companies.

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Geneva, NE – Fortigen

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Fortigen Geneva LLC (Tetrad Corporation)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonia plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Under Construction
Fortigen is building a small ammonia plant outside Geneva, NE, to supply fertilizer to local farmers. The project broke ground in March 2016 for an anticipated start-up by Fall 2017 but this schedule is now slightly delayed. There is already talk of expanding the site, to add urea and DEF production.

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Wallaceburg, ON

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: None, yet
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Concept phase
A regional economic development proposal, seeking an investor. The municipality of Chatham-Kent spent significant time and money trying to encourage a company to build a new fertilizer plant in this location but, despite being in development since 2013, there is nothing to show for their effort. No schedule for future announcements.

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Taylor County, FL — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
Announced in March 2014, county financing incentives approved July and August 2014. This site may yet be developed as BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept, however, BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Hendry County, FL — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
Ribbon cutting ceremony in May 2014. Awaiting announcement of bond placement and date for start of construction. This site may yet be developed as BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept, however, BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Killona, LA – AM Agrigen

UPDATED: 10/16/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: AM Agrigen Industries
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonia-urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning Phase
Greenfield ammonia plant: in development since 2012, permits approved in 2015, delayed, then completely redesigned in 2016. Now awaiting EPC announcement and revised budget and schedule. AM Agrigen has made no public announcements but permit documents reveal changing scale and technology licensors.

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Belle Plaine, SK — FNA (ProjectN)

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Farmers of North America (FNA)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
FNA is "moving steadily" towards building its own nitrogen fertilizer plant, starting with the establishment of a fertilizer and grain sales and distribution business. In 2017, FNA broke ground on the first of its distribution "supercentres," at Belle Plaine, (delayed from 2016). FNA began work on this project in 2010 and the pre-FEED study for the nitrogen production complex is complete, but FNA still needs to find a major equity investor and a partner to operate the plant.

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Kemper County, MS — Southern Company

UPDATED: 09/02/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Mississippi Power Company (Southern Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield power plant, ammonia byproduct

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational / Abandoned
Kemper County Energy Facility, a 582 MW power plant, was one of the US DOE's flagship "clean coal" projects. It was to produce ammonia as a byproduct of its coal-to-syngas process. The plant has been producing power from natural gas since August 2014, but experienced profound delays and budget overruns with the clean coal portion, which now appears to have been abandoned (with layoffs at the adjacent coal mine).

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Battle River, AB — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
To date, no more than a feasibility study. This site may yet be developed if one of BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept plants in Florida ever gets built. BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Tuscola, IL — Cronus Chemical

UPDATED: 09/19/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Cronus Fertilizers (Cronus Chemicals LLC)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonia/urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing phase
Awaiting financial close, before project is confirmed and construction can begin; no date yet for groundbreaking. In August 2017, Cronus announced a new EPC partner, a reduced cost for smaller capacity, and a more realistic schedule. The project has been repeatedly postponed over the last few years.

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Grand Forks, ND — Northern Plains Nitrogen

UPDATED: 07/25/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Northern Plains Nitrogen (NPN)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
World-scale greenfield project led by farmers' co-ops. Seed capital raise exceeded expectations, January 2014. Water permits approved, December 2014; air permit approved, August 2015. Schedule since then severely delayed: fund-raising was complicated by the commodity price drop. "NPN cannot complete the project without significant new financial partners." Awaiting FEED study, EPC contract, and financial close.

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Greeneville, TN — US Nitrogen

UPDATED: 05/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: US Nitrogen LLC (Austin Powder Company)
PROJECT: Greenfield ammonium nitrate plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
US Nitrogen broke ground in February 2012, when it expected its new plant to start up in March 2014 - since then, the project has been fraught with problems. Permits were revised and reissued repeatedly, and the site has had major issues with compliance. The local community demonstrated tremendous resistance, launching permit appeals and a slew of lawsuits, some still ongoing. Construction and design issues led to major delays and lawsuits. The start-up process began in May 2015 but the ammonia plant didn't start up until June 2016. In August 2016, the site was temporarily shut down and was under federal and state investigation. The company announced that the plant was fully operational in January 2017 but even now it isn't clear the plant is producing much if any product.

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Hardee, FL — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
This site may yet be developed if one of BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept plants in Florida ever gets built. BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Edgard, LA — EuroChem

UPDATED: 10/13/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: EuroChem Louisiana LLC (EuroChem Group)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
EuroChem is planning an ambitious entry into the US fertilizer industry, developing one of the largest nitrogen complexes on the continent. The company has announced few details but the vast scale of the project is disclosed in permit documents, most recently including a revised air permit application in November 2016 and a water permit application in December 2016. EuroChem announced a MOU toward an EPC contract in April 2015. Awaiting the full EPC award announcement and a final investment decision from EuroChem's board.

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Kern County, CA — HECA

UPDATED: 10/23/2017 — see Change Log. No further updates expected.

OWNER: Hydrogen Energy California (HECA), SCS Energy
PROJECT: Greenfield power plant, fertilizer byproduct

SUMMARY STATUS: On hold, indefinitely
Despite years of development, this "clean coal" project never came together. The local oil field backed out, leaving HECA in an existential crisis with no way to sell or sequester its CO2 and, in March 2016, the project put itself on indefinite hold, by withdrawing its application to the CEC.

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Midwest — Agrium

UPDATED: 11/24/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: Agrium
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Cancelled
Agrium abandoned its plans for a world-scale greenfield in June 2013, when the cost estimate approached $3 billion. The company says the project is on hold while it finds a strategic partner and secures a long-term natural gas supply.

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Morris, MN — University of Minnesota

UPDATED: 11/24/2014 — see Change Log

OWNER: University of Minnesota
PROJECT: Pilot plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
The Wind-To-Ammonia project at the University of Minnesota is a fully operational pilot plant, demonstrating the feasibility of using renewable energy to produce carbon-free ammonia.

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Mt Vernon, IN — Midwest Fertilizer

UPDATED: 09/18/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Midwest Fertilizer Company LLC (Fatima Group)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer complex

SUMMARY STATUS: Planning phase
Major setbacks in 2016, when the EPC contract was awarded but then fell apart following a corruption scandal and a failure to secure equity financing. Major setbacks in 2017, related to debt financing. Air permits were extended in 2017. Further progress now depends on winning an argument with the IRS.

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Penwell, TX — TCEP

UPDATED: 10/03/2017 — see Change Log

OWNER: Texas Clean Energy Project (Summit Power Group LLC)
PROJECT: Greenfield plant, urea

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing phase
This was going to be a major "clean coal" power plant with significant urea byproduct but DOE effectively killed the project when it suspended funding in mid-2016. Originally scheduled to be completed by 2014, the project was already severely delayed. After the DOE withdrew funding, the developers were trying one last idea: ditching power generation altogether and focusing on urea production.

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Pointe Coupee, LA — BioNitrogen

UPDATED: 11/05/2015 — see Change Log

OWNER: BioNitrogen (BioNitrogen Holdings Corp)
PROJECT: Greenfield urea plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase - in Bankruptcy Protection
BioNitrogen wanted to build up to five of its biomass-to-urea plants in Louisiana. The state allocated tax free bonds and other incentives. Nothing happened. This site may yet be developed if one of BioNitrogen's proof-of-concept plants in Florida ever gets built. BioNitrogen entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2015.

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Rockport, IN — Ohio Valley Resources

UPDATED: 09/06/2016 — see Change Log

OWNER: Ohio Valley Resources
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Financing Phase
Air permit was granted in September 2013; extended in March 2015 and extended again in September 2016. Two major companies awarded FEED and EPC in December 2013; agreements now presumed expired. Financing MOUs in place with foreign investors, February 2014; expired. "Finalization of project financing has delayed project construction." Any announcement of a new project sponsor - or project abandonment - is unlikely until the status of other, nearby greenfields is confirmed.

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Spiritwood, ND — CHS

UPDATED: 08/24/2015

OWNER: CHS Inc
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Cancelled
CHS gave its $3.3 billion greenfield the green light in September 2014, and cancelled it in August 2015. The project faced intractable issues securing an adequate supply of water, and was beset by spiraling costs. CHS is purchasing a minority stake in CF Industries instead.

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Wever, IA — OCI

UPDATED: 11/14/2017 — see Change Log.

OWNER: Iowa Fertilizer Company (OCI NV / Orascom)
PROJECT: Greenfield nitrogen fertilizer plant

SUMMARY STATUS: Operational
OCI announced the start-up of the ammonia plant in April 2017 but, while the site is mechanically complete and all the downstream plants are capable of production above nameplate capacity, the ammonia plant had trouble ramping up and OCI only acknowledged "Provisional Acceptance" of the project in mid-October. Despite OCI's first-mover advantage, the Wever plant is now two years delayed and more than a billion dollars over budget. OCI wanted to do mergers and acquisitions but didn't have much success: it failed to merge with CF Industries in 2016 and failed to buy out its subsidiary, OCI Partners, in 2017.

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